Kiri-kaeshi / Sumi-otoshi


Sumiotoshi and Kirikaeshi are types of Zemponage ("forward throw"), which involve changing uke's direction and throwing them back where they came from.

Kyuzo Mifune (1883-1965) performs Sumiotoshi.

In Ki-Aikido, this technique is usually refered to as Kiri-kaeshi (切り返し, "cutting back"). This refers to sending uke back to where they came from with a cutting motion.


(NB: this is not to be confused with kirikaeshi in sumo, kirikaeshi in aikijujutsu or kirikaeshi in kendo, which semantically have the common element of "cutting back", but are technically completely different from kirikaeshi of aikido.)

Closely related techniques:


Hiki-otoshi, Uki-otoshi, Kiri-otoshi, Ura-otoshi, Mae-otoshi

Obviously, there are always different interpretations of the same principles.


Examples follow, by Ki-Aikido Dojo Zagreb...

Detailed explanation and demonstration of Sumi-otoshi by Kyle Sloan. 

Sumiotoshi was adopted in aikido due to several aikidoka - most notably Kenji Tomiki (1900-1979) - having close connection with judo in the late 1920s and early 1930s. Also Morihei Ueshiba studied judo techniques in order to develop counter techniques against judo techniques.

Rainer Varis' Kiri-kaeshi (2021).

Kenjiro Yoshigasaki (c. 1999). Kiri-kaeshi and Kiri-Otoshi at c. [0:30].

...by Rami Freiha and Colin Staples...

...and by Hitoshi Nakai.

...by Donovan Waite...

Kyuzo Mifune's Sumi-otoshi.

Sumi-otoshi (隅落, "corner drop") is one of the original 40 throws of Judo as developed by Jigoro Kano (1860-1938).

Tomiki performs Sumi-otoshi in 1975 at c. [21:40].

Fumio Toyoda's Sumi-otoshi.